Lush lands & mass migration
Tanzania’s most famous park is incredibly vast and diverse. It’s about 13000 square kilometers in size, and that’s not even taking the private concessions into account, which are mostly “right next door” and which do not have fenced borders towards the National park.
The ash from nearby volcanoes such as Ngorongoro gave the Serengeti a rich soil, and as a result most of the park is grassland. Because of this rich grass, and because of a cyclic rain-pattern, the Serengeti is known for the “big migration”; more than a million wildebeest and zebra are constantly on the move, looking for the freshest grass.
During Tanzania’s dry season, July to October, the migration can be found in the north, crossing over into Kenya’s Masai Mara National Park. This is the time that people can witness the dramatic crossings of the Mara River. In the wet season, December to March, the migration is in the south, as far south as Nduto area, or even crossing over into Maswa Reserve. This is the time that the wildebeest drop their young, and so it is also a time of plenty for predators.
Note that predators are territorial; they do not follow the migration, so wherever you decide to stay in the Serengeti, you’ll certainly see them. Serengeti is known to have a very high density of predators. That’s because there’s also lots of other species for them to feast on; species that do not migrate. Cats are actually easiest to spot during the dry season, when most grazers will migrate a short distance to the rivers of central areas; predators tend to follow them.
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